The Health Problems, Gastrointestinal and Blood Parasites Commonly Associated With Donkeys in the Upper East Region of Ghana|
Atawalna, J.; Emikpe, B.O.; Sallah, E.K.; Shaibu, W. & Folitse, R.D.
The report on the disease conditions in donkeys in most West African countries is scanty in literature. This study was
conducted to identify the health related problems including gastrointestinal and blood parasites of donkeys at the Bolgatanga
livestock market in the Upper East region of Ghana from July to December, 2012. 190 donkeys comprising 86 females and 104
males were clinically examined while faecal and blood samples were aseptically taken from 60 donkeys. Faecal samples were
processed using the floatation technique and examined using light microscopy for eggs of parasites while thin blood smears
were stained in Giemsa and examined for the blood parasites. PCV was measured using a micro-hematocrit reader. Young
donkeys weighed 87.0 ± 20.0 kg, while adults weighed 150 ± 30.0 kg. Out of a total of 190 donkeys examined, 73.0 (38.4%)
were found to be clinically healthy while the common animal health problems identified included: Wound (18.6%), Emaciation
(15.9%), Conjunctivitis (14.20%), Mange (11.5%), Respiratory disease (9.70%), Ascites (7.10%), Sarcoid (6.20%), Tetanus
(4.40%), Skin nodules (3.50%), Diarrhoea (3.50%), Lameness (3.50%), Hoof problems (0.95%) and Dental disease (0.95%).
Infection rate was 37.2% comprising single infections with strongyle (6.7%), Eimeria Spp (10.3%) while mixed infections of
both parasites occurred in 20.2% cases. Trypanosome spp (3.33%) was the only blood parasite observed. This study reported
for the first time, the major animal health problems commonly observed in donkeys in Ghana. It also revealed the need for a
national policy on the control of some of the identified blood and gastrointestinal parasites of importance in donkeys in Ghana.
blood; disease conditions; donkey; gastrointestinal parasite; prevalence