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African Journal of Biomedical Research
Ibadan Biomedical Communications Group
ISSN: 1119-5096
Vol. 18, No. 1, 2015, pp. 61-67
Bioline Code: md15010
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

African Journal of Biomedical Research, Vol. 18, No. 1, 2015, pp. 61-67

 en Changes in Biochemical Markers of Kidney Function and Antioxidant Status of Diabetic Rats treated with Aqueous Leaf Extracts of Ficus exasperata check for this species in other resources (Vahl)
Enogieru, A.B.; Momodu, O.I.; Omoruyi, S.I. & Om'iniabohs, F.A.E.

Abstract

Cases of diabetic kidney disease continue to increase worldwide despite advances in knowledge of the disease. Oxidative stress has been shown to play major role in the pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus, since free radicals are formed disproportionately in diabetes by glucose oxidation, non-enzymatic glycation of proteins and subsequently, oxidative degradation of glycated proteins. This study was designed to investigate the ameliorative and antioxidant effects of crude Aqueous Leaf Extract of Ficus exasperata check for this species in other resources (ALEFE) on the kidney of STZ induced diabetic wistar rats. The investigation involved five (5) groups (A-E) of rats containing six rats (n=6). Group A served as normal control while groups B, C, D and E were injected with STZ 60 mg/kg body weight (bw) intraperitoneally to induce diabetes. Rats in group B served as diabetic control. Rats in groups C, D and E were treated with 5mg/kg bw of glibenclamide orally, 100mg/kg bw of ALEFE and 200mg/kg bw of ALEFE respectively via orogastric tube. Antioxidant results showed significantly increased levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) in ALEFE treated diabetic rats as compared to untreated diabetic rats. Malonyldialdehyde (MDA) levels were also found to be significantly reduced in ALEFE treated diabetic rats as compared to untreated diabetic rats. Histological findings shows that ALEFE had a protective effect on kidney against STZ toxicity. These findings proffer preliminary biochemical and histological support to the ethno medicinal uses of the plant in the management and/or control of diabetes mellitus .

Keywords
Ficus exasperata; Histological; Biochemical; Diabetes; Wistar rats

 
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