African Journal of Biomedical Research
Ibadan Biomedical Communications Group
Vol. 19, No. 1, 2016, pp. 24-29
Bioline Code: md16004
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
African Journal of Biomedical Research, Vol. 19, No. 1, 2016, pp. 24-29
© Copyright 2016 - African Journal of Biomedical Research
Association of ABO blood group and Plasmodium falciparum malaria among Children in the Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria|
Onanuga, A. & Lamikanra, A.
The ABO and Rhesus blood group systems are very important clinical tools that are commonly used in blood transfusion and their associations with various disease conditions have been widely reported. This study investigated the distribution of these blood group systems and assessed the association of malaria infection with the ABO blood groups among children in Federal Capital Territory, Abuja. Blood specimens from deep finger pricks of 730 children aged between 0-2 years were examined for malaria parasites using Field stains method. ABO and Rhesus blood group antigens tests were also performed using standard tile protocols. Of all the children admitted into the study, 445 were sick while 285 were apparently healthy. The prevalence of malaria parasites was significantly higher (P = 0.00047) among the sick children (69.8%) than the apparently healthy children (30.2%). The most prevalent blood group was O (55.7%) and the Rhesus D antigen was positive for 98.4% of all the children. The prevalence of blood group B among the sick children was significantly lower (P = 0.00373) than the other blood group types. There is no association between malaria infection and ABO blood groups but the prevalence of higher malaria parasite density was significantly greater (P = 0.0404) in children with blood group A (7.7%). In conclusion, blood group O was the most prevalent blood group in the study and children with blood group A appeared to be more susceptible to higher level of malaria parasitemia.
Blood groups; ABO; Rhesus; Malaria Parasitemia; Children; Abuja