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African Journal of Biomedical Research
Ibadan Biomedical Communications Group
ISSN: 1119-5096
Vol. 19, No. 3, 2016, pp. 179-185
Bioline Code: md16025
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

African Journal of Biomedical Research, Vol. 19, No. 3, 2016, pp. 179-185

 en Physical Activity Indices in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes and Their Adult Children
Adeniyi, A.F.; Ogwumike, O.O.; Olasanoye, O.T. & Adeleye, J.O.

Abstract

In the face of a rising diabetes epidemic, a target population for prevention programme is the children of patients with type 2 diabetes. This study examined physical activity of patients with type 2 diabetes and that of their adult children, and characterized the factors associated with physical inactivity among the participants. This cross-sectional study involved 315 participants (185 patients and 130 adult children) recruited from two major hospitals in Ibadan, Nigeria. Physical activity was assessed using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire and data were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics at α =0.05. The prevalence of physical inactivity was 50.3% and 28.5% among parents and children respectively. Lack of awareness of physical activity benefits (OR = 2.11; 95% CI = 1.22-3.66) and ignorance of parent’s diabetes status (OR = 3.21; 95% CI = 1.48-4.92) were both associated with increased risk of physical inactivity among the children. The risk was reduced by half among children of physically active parents (OR = 0.47; 95% CI = 0.16-0.89); while increasing age, female sex and unemployment were associated with increased risk of physical inactivity in both parents and children. Physical inactivity was more prevalent in parents than their children. Aside socio-demographic characteristics which influenced physical activity in both groups, lack of knowledge of physical activity benefits, ignorance of parent’s diabetes status and physical inactivity of the parents were the factors that encouraged physical inactivity among the children. Educational efforts to step up physical activity among children of patients with type 2 diabetes are required.

Keywords
Physical activity; Diabetes; Offsprings; Health promotion

 
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