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African Journal of Biomedical Research
Ibadan Biomedical Communications Group
ISSN: 1119-5096
Vol. 21, No. 2, 2018, pp. 153-159
Bioline Code: md18025
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

African Journal of Biomedical Research, Vol. 21, No. 2, 2018, pp. 153-159

 en Pharmaco-epidemiologic Survey and Experimental Study of Co-administration of Three Herbal Products with Paracetamol
Bamidele, O.D; Adegbolagun, O.M; Subair, H.G & Emikpe, B.O

Abstract

Pharmacoepidemiological survey of the use of herbal products and orthodox drugs was carried out within a university communit using structured questionnaires. Three commonly used herbal products; Oroki Herbal Mixture® (OH), Mama Decoction® (MD and Alomo Bitters® (AB) and co-administration with paracetamol were investigated based on the dosage instructions. Analgesi activity was evaluated using Hotplate method to determine the pain reaction time (PRT), while haematological and biochemical analysis and histopathological evaluation of the organs were carried out at the end of the study using standard procedures. A the herbal products showed significant analgesic activity, co-administration with paracetamol resulted in slight reduction in th PRT of AB and OH, while MD showed a significant reduction in time to reach peak PRT from 120 minutes to 30minutes. Ther was no significant effect on PCV, RBC and Hb level, while varied effect on other haematological parameters was observed b the co-administration with paracetamol. Co-administration of AB and MD increased alanine aminotransferase (ALT), while reduction was observed in OH. All the herbal products and their combination with paracetamol showed various stages of liv damage. Marked testicular degeneration was observed with co-administration of the herbal products with paracetamol, while kidney morphology was normal in all the treatments. All the herbal products investigated showed analgesic activities with synergistic enhancement of analgesic activity of paracetamol by Mama Decoction. However, their effect and their co administration with paracetamol on some of the biochemical and haematological parameters as well as the damage to the liv and testes call for caution.

Keywords
Paracetamol; Analgesic activity; Herbal products; Haematological parameters; Biochemical parameters

 
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