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Medicina
Croatian Medical Association - Rijeka branch
ISSN: 0025-7729
Vol. 43, No. 3, 2007, pp. 234-240
Bioline Code: me07033
Full paper language: Croatian
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Medicina, Vol. 43, No. 3, 2007, pp. 234-240

 en Lumbal Pain Associated With Sprain And Strain Injuries In Athletes
Jurdana, Hari; Mokrović, Hrvoje; Legović, Dalen; Šantić, Veljko; Gulan, Gordan & Boschi, Vladimir

Abstract

Sports activities represent high risk for lumbal spine injuries. The most common injuries of the spine in athletes are musculoligamentous sprains and strains, which occur mainly at the lumbosacral region. Sprains are ligamentous injuries caused by sudden violent contraction, sudden torsion, severe direct blows, or a forceful straightening from a crouched position. Strains are defined as tears, either partial or complete, of the muscle-tendon unit. Muscle strains and tears most frequently result from violent muscular contraction during an excessively forceful muscular stretch. The main simptoms are low back pain and muscle spasms. Treatment is conservative.

Keywords
spine injuries, sprains and strains, low back pain

 
 hr Križobolja I Ozljede Malih Zglobova Te Ligamentarno-Mišićnog Aparata Lumbalne Kralježnice U Sportaša
Jurdana, Hari; Mokrović, Hrvoje; Legović, Dalen; Šantić, Veljko; Gulan, Gordan & Boschi, Vladimir


Bavljenje sportom izlaže kralježnicu, posebno njezin lumbalni dio, povećanom opterećenju, zbog čega su u sportaša česte ozljede ligamentarno-mišićnog aparata i zglobova kralježnice. Do njihova oštećenja najčešće dolazi zbog naglih i snažnih kretnji – istezanja i rotacije, kojima su izloženi u sportu. Glavni je simptom križobolja praćena spazmom paravertebralne muskulature. Liječenje je konzervativno te ako se pravodobno ne započne s odgovarajućom terapijom može priječi u kronično stanje i trajno udaljiti pacijente od aktivnog bavljenja sportom.


ozljede kralježnice, uganuće i istegnuće, križobolja

 
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