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Medicina
Croatian Medical Association - Rijeka branch
ISSN: 0025-7729
Vol. 44, No. 2, 2008, pp. 123-128
Bioline Code: me08017
Full paper language: Croatian
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Medicina, Vol. 44, No. 2, 2008, pp. 123-128

 hr Azijski pogled na transplantaciju organa
Tai, Michael Cheng-tek


Dramatično postignuće medicinske tehnologije transplantacije organa omogućilo je mnogim osobama oštećenih organa da nastave živjeti duljim životom. Prva uspješna transplantacija izvedena je u Bostonu 1954. godine, a pravi proboj transplantacije organa dogodio se tri desetljeća kasnije, nakon otkrića Ciklosporina A koji rješava probleme odbacivanja organa. Danas je moguće transplantirati većinu organa uključujući bubrege, srce, jetru, gušteraču, pluća, kožu i niz tkiva poput koštane srži i rožnice. Kada se prvi put pokušalo s transplantacijom srca, 1967. godine u Južnoj Africi, javili su se duboko zabrinuti glasovi koji su postavili pitanje kako se nešto što predstavlja nečiju osobnost može mijenjati po volji? Može li se s ljudskim organima postupati kao s dijelovima automobila koji će se zamijeniti novim dijelovima uslijed kvara? Transplantacije su postupno prihvaćene kao dio rutinskih postupaka za one koji su mogli platiti ovakve skupe zahvate. U Aziji se kirurški zahvati transplantacije organa provode svakodnevno. U nekim zemljama su pokrenute glasine da ljudi prodaju svoje organe u zamjenu za novac. Također je u više navrata izviješteno da kažnjenici, uključujući političke zatvorenike u nekim azijskim zemljama, postaju izvori organa za transplantaciju. Kontroverza oko transplantacije organa još uvijek postoji, unatoč činjenici da je ova tehnologija postala dio uobičajenih medicinskih postupaka. Kakav je stav azijskih mudraca i tradicionalnih vrijednosti prema ovoj tehnologiji? Ako je transplantacija organa u Aziji postala veliki poduhvat, jesu li mu azijske tradicionalne moralne vrijednosti naklonjene? Cilj je ovog rada pokušati dati odgovore na neka od ovih pitanja.


filozofija, moralne vrijednosti, religija, transplantacija organa

 
 en An asian perspective on organ transplants
Tai, Michael Cheng-tek

Abstract

The dramatic progress of medical technology in organ transplants has enabled many whose organs were damaged to resume productive lives and live longer. Although the first successful transplantation took place in Boston in 1954, the real breakthrough of organ transplantation came three decades later, after the discovery of Cyclosporin A. Today, it is possible to transplant most organs including kidneys, heart, liver, pancreas, lungs, skin, bone marrow and cornea. When heart transplant was first attempted in 1967 in South Africa, voices of profound concerns were raised asking how could something representing someone’s personality be changed at will? Could human organs be treated as automobile parts and be replaced with new ones when malfunctional? Gradually, transplantations have become routine procedures for those who could afford it. In Asia, transplant operations have been carried out daily. In some countries, rumours have been that many people sell their organs in exchange for money. It has also been reported repeatedly that criminals, including political prisoners, in certain Asian countries were used as sources of organs supplies for transplants. The controversy of organ transplant still lingers on despite the fact that this technology has become a rutine procedure in medical treatments. Asian countries are rich in their religious and moral teachings. What are the attitudes of Asian sages and traditional values towards this new technology? If transplantation procedures have become a big enterprise in Asia, are the traditional moral values in Asia in favor of this? The aim of this review is to address some of these questions.

Keywords
moral values, organ transplantation, phylosophy, religion

 
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Alternative site location: http://hrcak.srce.hr/medicina

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