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Medicina
Croatian Medical Association - Rijeka branch
ISSN: 0025-7729
Vol. 44, No. 2, 2008, pp. 46-151
Bioline Code: me08020
Full paper language: Croatian
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Medicina, Vol. 44, No. 2, 2008, pp. 46-151

 en Bioethics and Bioethical Aspects of Palliative Medicine
Brkljačić, Morana

Abstract

Palliative medicine is a medical discipline which deals with all forms of medical care or treatment which reduces the severity of disease symptoms, relieves suffering and improves the quality of life. The term “palliative care” may be used generally to refer to any kind of care which alleviates symptoms even if there is hope of a cure by other means. The WHO statement defines palliative care as “the approach which improves the quality of life of patients and their families facing the problems associated with life-threatening illness”. Palliative care focuses on the treatment of pain and other distressing symptoms, as well as psychological and spiritual care. It also involves ethical aspects associated with the endingof- life and provides a support system for the individual and the individual’s family. Due to the emphasis palliative medicine places on clinical activity, clinical bioethics greatly depends on the interaction between clinicians and patients in everyday struggle with diseases which represents a conditio sine qua non in palliative medicine for a quality and human care for patients.

Keywords
bioethics, clinical bioethics, palliative medicine

 
 hr Bioetika i bioetički aspekti palijativne medicine
Brkljačić, Morana


Palijativna medicina je medicinska disciplina čija djelatnost obuhvaća olakšavanje simptoma sredstvima ranog otkrivanja, procjene i liječenja boli te promoviranja kvalitete života. Svjetska zdravstvena organizacija (SZO) definirala je palijativnu skrb kao pristup kojim se bolesnicima suočenim sa smrtonosnom bolešću i njihovim obiteljima nastoji pružiti najveću moguću kvalitetu života. Palijativna medicina to čini sprječavanjem i olakšavanjem boli, kao i ostalih psihičkih, psihosocijalnih i duhovnih problema. Uz smirivanje simptoma, psihosocijalne podrške bolesnicima i njegovim njegovateljima, vrlo važna komponenta palijativne medicine/ skrbi jesu i (bio)etički aspekti vezani uz kraj života. Zbog naglaska koji stavlja na kliničku djelatnost, klinička se bioetika u svakodnevnom svladavanju bolesti snažno oslanja na međudjelovanje kliničara i bolesnika, što u palijativnoj medicini/skrbi predstavlja conditio sine qua non kvalitetne i humane skrbi za bolesnika.


bioetika, klinička bioetika, palijativna medicina

 
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Alternative site location: http://hrcak.srce.hr/medicina

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