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Medicina
Croatian Medical Association - Rijeka branch
ISSN: 0025-7729
Vol. 45, No. 1, 2009, pp. 65-71
Bioline Code: me09009
Full paper language: Croatian
Document type: Review Article
Document available free of charge

Medicina, Vol. 45, No. 1, 2009, pp. 65-71

 en Syphilis in the early New Age
Čavka, Mislav; Fila, Jana & Kelava, Tomislav

Abstract

Syphilis is a mild sexually transmitted disease manifesting in three phases which under proper therapy doesn't reach the third stadium. However, in the past, this was not the case. There are several theories about the origin of syphilis and the American theory which suggests the spread of syphilis in Europe after discovery of America is the most accepted. The official medicine reacted very promptly and tried to find the cure and these attempts created two different streams, intercessors of guaiacum and mercury. Their confrontation continued until the 20th century. In the situation of economic and institutional crisis, the society also reacted with decision to found hospitals, specialized in treating syphilis. With the finding of penicillin as an efficient cure and its common appliance in the 20th century, syphilis was practically wiped out from history, although it is present even today in our society more than we commonly think. In this review we presented the history of syphilis in Europe and emphasized that the appearance of disease coincides with the beginning of the New age, although the boundary between the Middle ages and the New age is determined artificially.

Keywords
16th century, 17th century, 18th century, history of medicine, sexually transmitted diseases

 
 hr Sifilis u ranom novom vijeku
Čavka, Mislav; Fila, Jana & Kelava, Tomislav


Sifilis je blaga bolest u tri stadija koja se pod pravilnom terapijom ne uspije razviti u svoj letalni oblik. No, prošlost nam pokazuje da to nije uvijek bilo tako. Postoji više teorija o podrijetlu sifilisa, no, iako su sve moguće, ipak je najvjerojatnije da se radi o bolesti podrijetlom iz Amerike. Medicina je dugi niz godina pokušavala pronaći lijek, te se u tim pokušajima rađaju dvije suprotstavljene struje; zagovornici gvajaka nasuprot zagovornika žive, čiji se sukob nastavlja čak do 20. stoljeća. Osim struke, reagira i društvo koje socijalnim mjerama i organiziranjem prihvatilišta pokušava zbrinuti oboljele. Otkrićem penicilina kao učinkovitog lijeka, te njegovim sustavnim korištenjem kroz 20. stoljeće, sifilis je gotovo u potpunosti iskorijenjen, iako je i danas prisutan u našem društvu i više nego što očekujemo. U ovom smo radu opisali početke sifilisa u Europi i naglasili da se ta bolest pojavljuje upravo u novom vijeku, iako je granica između srednjeg i novog vijeka određena umjetno.


16. stoljeće, 17. stoljeće, 18. stoljeće, povijest, povijest medicine, spolno prenosive bolesti

 
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Alternative site location: http://hrcak.srce.hr/medicina

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