search
for
 About Bioline  All Journals  Testimonials  Membership  News  Donations


Medicina
Croatian Medical Association - Rijeka branch
ISSN: 0025-7729
Vol. 45, No. 2, 2009, pp. 160-164
Bioline Code: me09021
Full paper language: Croatian
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Medicina, Vol. 45, No. 2, 2009, pp. 160-164

 en Range of Movement After Total Knee Arthroplasty
Mađarević, Tomislav; Čubelić, Ana; Gulan, Gordan; Šestan, Branko & Mikačević, Marijan

Abstract

Aim: To determine the range of motion after implantation of total cement knee endoprosthesis.
Methods: In the period form Septemer 2007 to December 2008 range of motion was measured during clinical exam with protractor. Range of motion was analysed preoperatively, 14th day postoperatively and a year postoperatively. We analysed the prosthesis where the components were placed in a neutral position, and where a good balance of soft tissue was established. Mobility of the knee of 45 patients operated in our institution was analyzed. Same type of prosthesis was implanted to all patients, and the same operating team performed the surgeries.
Results: There are signifi cant diff erences in the presence of preoperative flexion contracture and flexion contracture a year after the surgery. The extent of flexion preoperative and one year after surgery were without significant differences, although the trend indicates a greater ability of flexion one year after surgery.
Discussion: Appropriate operative technique and rehabilitation process by standard protocol enable mobility which is suffi cient for daily life activities. Mobility one year after surgery indicates the importance of physical therapy after discharging from hospital. Although postoperative mobility of the knee mainly depends on preoperative mobility, and partly on the type and position of endoprosthesis, the results of our study indicate the importance of surgical technique and early postoperative kinesiotherapy.
Conclusion: The most common reasons for patients to decide for total knee arthroplasty are pain and reduced mobility. In all patients, pain was of signifi cantly lower intensity, and mobility achieved one year of operations was sufficient to overcome daily living activites.

Keywords
intracellular pathogen, tularaemia, zoonosis

 
 hr Pokretljivost koljena nakon ugradnje totalne cementne endoproteze
Mađarević, Tomislav; Čubelić, Ana; Gulan, Gordan; Šestan, Branko & Mikačević, Marijan


Cilj: Cilj istraživanja bio je ispitati pokretljivost koljena nakon ugradnje totalne cementne endoproteze koljena.
Metode: U razdoblju od rujna 2007. do prosinca 2008. kliničkim pregledom, odnosno mjerenjem opsega pokretljivosti goniometrom, analizirana je preoperativna pokretljivost koljena, pokretljivost koljena 14. postoperativni dan, te godinu dana nakon ugradnje totalne endoproteze koljena. Analizirane su one endoproteze kod kojih su komponente postavljene u neutralnom položaju, te kod kojih je uspostavljen dobar balans mekih česti. Analizirana je pokretljivost koljena 45 bolesnika operiranih u našoj ustanovi. Svim bolesnicima ugrađen je isti tip endoproteze i operirao ih je isti operacijski tim.
Rezultati: Postoji statistički značajna razlika u prisutnosti preoperativne fleksorne kontrakture te fleksorne kontrakture godinu dana od operacije, no opsezi fleksije preoperativno i godinu dana nakon operacije su bez statistički značajne razlike, iako trend ukazuje na veću mogućnost fleksije godinu dana nakon operacije.
Rasprava: Odgovarajućom operativnom tehnikom te provođenjem rehabilitacijskog postupka po standardnom protokolu postiže se pokretljivost dovoljna za svakodnevne životne aktivnosti. Pokretljivost godinu dana nakon operacije ukazuje na važnost fizikalne terapije po otpustu iz bolnice. Iako postoperativna pokretljivost koljena većinom ovisi o preoperativnoj pokretljivosti, a djelomično o tipu i pozicioniranosti endoproteze, rezultati naše studije ukazuju na značajnost kirurške tehnike i rane postoperativne kineziterapije.
Zaključak: Najčešći razlog zbog kojeg se bolesnici odlučuju na ugradnju endoproteze koljena je bol i smanjena pokretljivost. U svih bolesnika bol je bio značajnije manjeg intenziteta, a postignuta pokretljivost godinu dana nakon operacije bila je dovoljna za ostvarivanje svakodnevnih životnih aktivnosti.


fizikalna terapija, fleksija, fleksorna kontraktura, pokretljivost, totalna proteza koljena

 
© Copyright © 2008 - Croatian Medical Association - Rijeka branch
Alternative site location: http://hrcak.srce.hr/medicina

Home Faq Resources Email Bioline
© Bioline International, 1989 - 2019, Site last up-dated on 11-Sep-2019.
Site created and maintained by the Reference Center on Environmental Information, CRIA, Brazil
System hosted by the Internet Data Center of Rede Nacional de Ensino e Pesquisa, RNP, Brazil