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Medicina
Croatian Medical Association - Rijeka branch
ISSN: 0025-7729
Vol. 45, No. 2, 2009, pp. 172-178
Bioline Code: me09023
Full paper language: Croatian
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Medicina, Vol. 45, No. 2, 2009, pp. 172-178

 en Saints Protectors of Head and Headache in Christian Tradition
Škrobonja, Ante & Muzur, Amir

Abstract

Aim: To register saints that are attributed with the power of protecting the head and protecting from headaches in the Christian tradition, and to explain their relationship, or symbolic meaning.
Methods: Elaboration of literature dealing with hagiographies of saints, sacred iconography and liturgy along with visits to the churches, monastries and museums.
Results: In the period between the years 1970. and 2009. in sacred literature and works of art, it was observed that, amongst approximately a hundred more famous Christian patron saints, 14 of them were venerable patrons against headache. Six examples show decisive connection to their martyr death, among which 4 cases are connected with decapitation after torture (Apollonia, Denis, Eustorigio, Pancras), with reference to bandit attack (Peter of Verona), and in one case the saint was put to death by stoning (Stephen the Martyr). Three of them suff ered from chronic and major headache which they successfully overcame by the power of religion. (Francis of Assisi, Catherine of Siena and Maria Maddalena de´Pazzi). In four cases the persons in question are charismatic people who had strong medical cures for headache or they healed famous people like Cyriac, Ubaldus, Ulric of Augsburg and Vincent Ferrer). We have yet to fi nd out why Anastasia is also included in this group of patron saints.
Conclusion. The said examples show how, by interdisciplinary approach to sacred art and tradition, we can come to other numerous discoveries surpassing religious messages as such. In this case, they contribute to the history of medicine, in the widest sense.

Keywords
headache, history of medicine, patron saints, religion

 
 hr Sveci zaštitnici glave i zaštitnici od glavobolje u kršćanskoj tradiciji
Škrobonja, Ante & Muzur, Amir


Cilj: Evidentirati svece kojima se u kršćanskoj tradiciji pripisuje moć zaštite glave i zaštite od glavobolje te objasniti njihov odnos ili simboličko značenje.
Metode: Razrada literature koja se bavi hagiografijama svetaca, sakralnom ikonografijom i liturgijom kao i posjećivanje crkava, samostana i muzeja.
Rezultati: U razdoblju između 1970. i 2009. godine u sakralnoj literaturi i umjetnosti uočeno je da su, među stotinama poznatih svetaca zaštitnika, četrnaestorica uvaženi zaštitnici od glavobolje. Šest je primjera na kojima se vidi povezanost njihove mučeničke smrti koja je u četiri slučaja povezana s odrubljivanjem glave nakon mučenja (Apolonija, Dionizije, Eustorgije, Pankracije) ili nakon napada razbojnika (Petar Veronski), a u jednom je slučaju svetac bio usmrćen kamenovanjem (Stjepan Prvomučenik). Troje je bolovalo od kronične teške glavobolje koju je uspješno nadvladavalo snagom vjere (Franjo Asiški, Katarina Sijenska i Marija Magdalena de´Pazzi). U četiri slučaja riječ je o karizmaticima koji su sugestijom liječili glavobolju ili su od nje izliječili poznate osobe, poput Crijake, Ubalda, Udalrika i Vinka Fererskog. Nije poznato zašto se sv. Anastaziju uvrštava u ovu skupinu svetih zaštitnika.
Zaključak: Izloženi primjeri govore o tome kako interdisciplinarni pristup sakralnoj umjetnosti i tradiciji dovodi do brojnih drugih saznanja koja prelaze okvire religijskih poruka. U ovom slučaju pridonose povijesti medicine u najširem smislu.


glavobolja, povijest medicine, religija, sveci zaštitnici

 
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