About Bioline  All Journals  Testimonials  Membership  News  Donations

Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences
School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia
ISSN: 1394-195X
Vol. 9, No. 1, 2002, pp. 9-15
Bioline Code: mj02003
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences, Vol. 9, No. 1, 2002, pp. 9-15

 en Vergence and Accommodation System in Malay Primary School Children
Ai Hong Chen & Ahmad Hakimi Zainol Abidin


Sixty primary school children, were measured for for accommodation and, vergence facility, accommodation accuracy, relative accommodation, fusional vergence / reserve and heterophoria.

Analysis of Variance revealed that no - single factor was significant by involved among the six age groups for all the above (p>0.05). However, a significant age difference (p<0.05) was found in the fusional reserve. The mean and standard deviation was 20.08 (±6.43) cpm for the monocular accommodation facility, 19.77 (±6.26) cpm for the binocular accommodation facility, 20.18 (±5.00) cpm for the vergence facility, 0.44 (±0.27) D for the accommodation accuracy, -0.28 (±0.82) PD for the heterophoria at distance, -1.84 (±3.9) PD for the near heterophoria, 3.25 (±0.79) D for the negative relative accommodation, and -3.90 (±1.32) D for the positive relative accommodation.

There was no age difference in the accommodation and the vergence status between years the ages of 7 and 12 years old but the fusional reserve component of the vergence system varied with age. The vergence and the accommodation findings in our subjects were discussed and compared with previous studies to serve as a guideline in clinical data interpretation and diagnosis for binocular vision problems in Malay children.

Vergence, accommodation, children' s vicion

© Copyright 2002 - Malaysian Journal of Medical Science
Alternative site location:

Home Faq Resources Email Bioline
© Bioline International, 1989 - 2018, Site last up-dated on 24-Jul-2018.
Site created and maintained by the Reference Center on Environmental Information, CRIA, Brazil
System hosted by the Internet Data Center of Rede Nacional de Ensino e Pesquisa, RNP, Brazil