Toxic effects of 5-fluorouracil on sperm count in wistar rats|
The antimetabolite, 5-fluorouracil is widely used in the treatment of cancers. Although its toxic effects on testis causing germinal epithelial sloughing, tubular atrophy and generation of multinucleated cells were reported, its effect on spermatogenesis has not been studied. Hence the present study was conducted to evaluate the effects of 5-fluorouracil on epididymal sperm count. Male Wistar rats were employed in the study (n=5 per group). The animals were injected (i.p) with five consecutive doses of 5-fluorouracil (10, 20, 30mg/kg b.w) at an interval of 24h and the control with 0.1ml-distilled water. Samples were obtained at 14, 35, 42 and 70 days after injection. Rats were sacrificed, a laparatomy was performed and epididymes were collected in 1ml phosphate buffered saline (pH 7.2), minced, filtered and stained with 1% aqueous eosin Y. An aliquot was taken in leucocyte pipette, diluted with phosphate buffered saline and sperm count was done as per the standard procedure. Data were analyzed by Mann Whitney U test. The results of this study revealed that 5 - fluorouracil significantly decreased the sperm count in a dose- and time- dependent manner.
5-fluorouracil, sperm count, epididymis