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Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences
School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia
ISSN: 1394-195X
Vol. 11, No. 2, 2004, pp. 26-33
Bioline Code: mj04017
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences, Vol. 11, No. 2, 2004, pp. 26-33

 en PSYCHOMETRIC EVALUATION OF THE MEDICAL OUTCOME STUDY (MOS) SOCIAL SUPPORT SURVEY AMONG MALAY POSTPARTUM WOMEN IN KEDAH , NORTH WEST OF PENINSULAR MALAYSIA
Wan Mohd Rushidi Wan Mahmud, Amir Awang, Mahmood Nazar Mohamed

Abstract

The Malay version of the Medical Outcome Study (MOS) Social Support Survey was validated among a sample of postpartum Malay women attending selected health centers in Kedah, North West of Peninsular Malaysia. 215 women between 4 to 12 weeks postpartum were recruited for the validation study. They were given questionnaires on socio-demography, the Malay-versions of the MOS Social Support Survey, Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and the 21-items Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II). 30 of the women, who were bilingual, were also given the original English version of the instrument. A week later, these women were again given the Malay version of the MOS Social Support Survey. The scale displayed good internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha = 0.93), parallel form reliability (0.98) and test-retest reliability (0.97) (Spearman's rho; p<0.01). The negative correlations of the overall support index (total social support measure) with the Malay versions of EPDS and BDI-II confirmed its validity. Extraction method of the 19 items (item 2 to item 20) from the MOS Social Support Survey using principle axis factoring with direct oblimin rotation converged into 3 dimensions of functional social support (informational, affectionate / positive social interaction and instrumental support) with reliability coefficients of 0.91, 0.83 and 0.75 respectively. The overall support index also displayed low but significant correlations with item 1 which represents a single measure of structural social support in the instrument (p <0.01). The Malay version of the MOS Social Support Survey demonstrated good psychometric properties in measuring social support among a sample of Malay postpartum Malay women attending selected health centers in Kedah, North West of Peninsular Malaysia and it could be used as a simple instrument in primary care settings.

Keywords
MOS Social Support Survey; validation, psychometric properties

 
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Alternative site location: http://www.medic.usm.my/publication/mjms/

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