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Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences
School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia
ISSN: 1394-195X
Vol. 11, No. 2, 2004, pp. 41-51
Bioline Code: mj04019
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences, Vol. 11, No. 2, 2004, pp. 41-51

 en DENTAL ANOMALIES AND FACIAL PROFILE ABNORMALITY OF THE NON-SYNDROMIC CLEFT LIP AND PALATE CHILDREN IN KELANTAN
Normastura Abd. Rahman, Nizam Abdullah, Abdul Rani Samsudin, Lin Naing @ Mohd Ayub Sadiq

Abstract

This study was done to determine the prevalence of dental anomalies and facial profile abnormality and its association with the non-syndromic cleft lip and palate (CLP) as compared to the non-cleft children. A comparative cross sectional study was conducted where the case group consist of 98 non-syndromic CLP children-unilateral (UCLP) and bilateral (BCLP) who attended the Combined Clinic at Kota Bharu Dental Clinic (KBDC) while the comparison group comprised of 109 non-cleft children who attended the outpatient clinic at KBDC. Their ages were between 3 to 12 years old. Clinical oral and facial profile examinations were carried out to look for dental anomalies (morphology, number and alignment of teeth) and facial profile abnormality. The prevalence of anomalies in morphology of teeth in CLP (24.5%) and non-cleft (10.1%), number of teeth in CLP (44.9%) and non-cleft (7.3%), mal-alignment in CLP (79.6%) and non-cleft (27.5%) and facial profile abnormality in CLP (26.5%) and non-cleft (9.1 %). There was a significant association between CLP and anomalies in morphology, number, mal-alignment and abnormality in facial profile; (p < 0.05). Therefore, there was a high prevalence and risk of dental anomalies and facial profile abnormality in the CLP children compared to the non-cleft children.

Keywords
cleft lip and palate, dental anomalies, hypodontia, supernumerary, facial profile

 
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Alternative site location: http://www.medic.usm.my/publication/mjms/

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