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Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences
School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia
ISSN: 1394-195X
Vol. 13, No. 1, 2006, pp. 25-29
Bioline Code: mj06005
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences, Vol. 13, No. 1, 2006, pp. 25-29

 en A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY OF SOFT TISSUE FACIAL MORPHOMETRY IN CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS
Nizam Abdullah*, Lin Naing, Norliza Mastura Ismail and Abdul Rashid Ismail

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine mean values for selected linear measurements on the face of children and adolescents to demonstrate gender differences in the measurements. Cross-sectional data from 262 school children (158 male, 104 female) aged between 6 and 15 years were taken by measuring certain identified facial landmarks using a sliding caliper. The landmarks were first located by careful inspection and/or palpation of the face and a mark created on the cutaneous surface, with the subject sitting in habitual occlusion in an upright position. A sliding caliper was used to measure the distances between the points. The data was analysed using SPSS version 10.0 to determine mean values, standard deviation and gender differences in the measurements. Upper facial heights, total facial height, inter-canthal distance and eye length measurements were significantly higher in male than in female for 15-year-old group (p<0.0001). The measurement between the highest and the lowest point of attachment of external ear to the head was significantly larger in male than in female for 11 year old age group

Keywords
facial growth, soft tissue facial morphometry

 
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Alternative site location: http://www.medic.usm.my/publication/mjms/

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