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Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences
School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia
ISSN: 1394-195X
Vol. 17, No. 1, 2010, pp. 44-48
Bioline Code: mj10008
Full paper language: English
Document type: Short Communication
Document available free of charge

Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences, Vol. 17, No. 1, 2010, pp. 44-48

 en Angioarchitecture of Brain Arteriovenous Malformations and the Risk of Bleeding: An Analysis of Patients in Northeastern Malaysia
Kandai, Shibani; Abdullah, Mohd Shafie & Naing, Nyi Nyi


Background: Central nervous system arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a vascular malformation of the brain and involves entanglement of veins and arteries without an intervening capillary bed. Affecting predominantly young male patients, AVM presents with different clinical manifestations namely headache, seizures, neurological deficit and intracranial haemorrhage. The patients who present acutely with intracranial bleeding have a significant morbidity and mortality. The aim is to study the angioarchitecture of brain AVM (BAVM) and determine the risk factors for intracranial bleeding. Ultimately, the goal of the study is to look for the association between volume of haematoma and architecture of BAVM.
Methods: A cross-sectional study of 58 patients was conducted at the Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia. Data were collected over a period of seven years (2000 to 2007) to look for the association between the angioarchitecture of brain arteriovenous malformations (BAVM), haemodynamics and the natural history and risk of intracranial haemorrhage.
Results: BAVM was predominantly found in young male patients in 65.5%. Small nidal size (P-value 0.004), deep location (P-value 0.003) and deep venous drainage (P-value 0.006) were found to be significant factors contributing to intracranial haemorrhage. All patients with coexisting intranidal or prenidal aneurysms presented with intracranial haematoma.
Conclusion: The angioarchitecture of BAVM like nidal size, deep location and deep venous drainage can predict the risk of intracranial bleeding and can help in the management of high risk patients without any delay. Small sized and deep seated lesions have a diffuse type of intracranial bleed which eventually need more attention to the managing team as diffuse haematoma indicates more insult to brain.

angioarchitecture, brain arteriovenous malformation, intracranial haemorrhage, stroke, medical sciences

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