Evaluation of the Antidiabetic and Antilipaemic Activities of the Hydroalcoholic Extract of Phoenix Dactylifera Palm Leaves and Its Fractions in Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Rats|
Mard, Seyyed Ali; Jalalvand, Kowthar; Jafarinejad, Masoumeh; Balochi, Hoda & Naseri, Mohammad Kazem Gharib
Background: The antidiabetic and antilipaemic effects of Phoenix dactylifera leaf extract (PDE) and its fractions were investigated in various rat models.
Methods: Diabetes was induced in male Wistar rats by alloxan monohydrate. Diabetic animals were randomly divided into 8 groups (1 diabetic control and 7 treated groups). Diabetic control animals received saline (5 mL/kg) orally, whereas the treatment groups received different doses of PDE (100, 200, and 400 mg/kg), PDE fractions (50, 100, and 200 mg/kg), or glibenclamide (4 mg/kg) orally once a day for 14 days. Blood was withdrawn for glucose determination on the 1st, 6th, 10th, and 14th days. The rats were fasted overnight and then sacrificed on the 14th day; blood was collected for biochemical evaluation, including the levels of blood glucose, plasma insulin, serum triglyceride, and cholesterol.
Results: Subacute administration of PDE or its fractions in alloxan-induced diabetic rats significantly reduced blood glucose (P < 0.01). Water intake, serum triglyceride, and cholesterol also decreased in treated animals compared with the control group (P < 0.01). Plasma insulin level increased in the treated groups relative to the control group (P < 0.01).
Conclusion: The results suggested that PDE exhibits antidiabetic and antilipaemic effects in alloxan-induced diabetic rats.
antidiabetics, antilipaemics, antioxidants, diabetes metabolism, plant extracts