Management of Spontaneous Perforation of the Bile Duct in an Infant in a Semi-Urban Setup: A Case Report|
Jain, Satish; Jain, Monica; Kaur, Dalbir & Shukla, Lovesh
Spontaneous perforation of the extrahepatic bile duct leading to biliary peritonitis is a rare occurrence once other causes of biliary peritonitis, such as trauma, choledochal cyst, stone diseases, and distal atresia of the bile duct, are ruled out. A 7-month-old male infant was brought to the hospital in critical condition with distension of the abdomen. He had a history of vomiting and diarrhoea, low-grade fever, and refusal to feed for 2 days. Signs of peritonitis were found upon examination. Due to the poor general condition of the patient, the case was taken up for laparotomy, and a diagnosis of spontaneous extrahepatic bile duct perforation was made intra-operatively. In the present case, the cause was idiopathic. An external drain was placed near the site of the leak for 2 weeks. The patient recovered well and was discharged on post-operative day 16. Disease awareness for correct pre-operative diagnosis and interventional planning is required to reduce mortality, morbidity, and complications in spontaneous perforation of the common bile duct.
bile duct diseases, extrahepatic bile duct, gut, perforation, peritonitis, spontaneous rupture