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Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences
School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia
ISSN: 1394-195X
Vol. 19, No. 3, 2012, pp. 50-56
Bioline Code: mj12036
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences, Vol. 19, No. 3, 2012, pp. 50-56

 en A Pilot Investigation of the Operationalized Predicaments of Suicide (OPS) Framework
Pridmore , Saxby; Kuipers, Pim; Zainab, Abdul Majeed; Restifo, Sam; Lee, Adrian & Appleton, Julie

Abstract

Background: Suicide may be conceptualized as an escape from intolerable predicaments, in particular, mental illness and environmental stressors. The operationalized predicaments of suicide (OPS) is a 4 category framework designed to assist in the classification of suicide. The objective was to examine whether this framework is potentially useful.
Method: 18 psychiatrists from 6 different countries examined 12 written coroners’ reports of suicide and rated each report according to the OPS. 16 of these raters then also completed a qualitative questionnaire regarding the framework.
Results: In 89.8% of cases the raters where able to make a decision regarding the drivers which led to the suicides. The respondents displayed modest inter-rater correlation (Kappa = 0.42; P < 0.0001). In the qualitative section, respondents supported the face validity of OPS and considered it potentially useful. Feedback allowed improved wording of the OPS instructions.
Conclusion: The OPS has potential as a useful framework. The OPS instructions have been improved and further studies are justified.

Keywords
mental health, suicide, public health, social medicine

 
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Alternative site location: http://www.medic.usm.my/publication/mjms/

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