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Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences
School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia
ISSN: 1394-195X
Vol. 20, No. 1, 2013, pp. 1-12
Bioline Code: mj13001
Full paper language: English
Document type: Editorial
Document available free of charge

Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences, Vol. 20, No. 1, 2013, pp. 1-12

 en Evolving Frontiers in Severe Polytrauma Management – Refining the Essential Principles
Wah, Kam Chak; Man, Choi Wai; Ha, Wong Janet Yuen; Lai, Vincent & John, Wong Kit Shing

Abstract

This editorial aims to refine the severe polytrauma management principles. While keeping ABCDE priorities, the termination of futile resuscitation and the early use of tourniquet to stop exsanguinating limb bleeding are crucial. Difficult-airway-management (DAM) is by a structured 5-level approach. The computerised tomography (CT) scanner is the tunnel to death for hemodynamically unstable patients. Focused Abdominal Sonography for Trauma–Ultrasonography (FAST USG) has replaced diagnostic peritoneal lavage (DPL) and is expanding to USG life support. Direct whole-body multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) expedites diagnosis and treatment. Non-operative management is a viable option in rapid responders in shock. Damage control resuscitation comprising of permissive hypotension, hemostatic resuscitation and damage control surgery (DCS) help prevent the lethal triad of trauma. Massive transfusion protocol reduces mortality and decreases the blood requirement. DCS attains rapid correction of the deranged physiology. Mortality reduction in major pelvic disruption requires a multi-disciplinary protocol, the novel pre-peritoneal pelvic packing and the angio-embolization. When operation is the definitive treatment for injury, prevention is best therapy.

Keywords
computerised axial tomogram, damage control resuscitation, difficult airway mangement, peritoneal pelvic packing, prevention, trauma, ultrasonography

 
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Alternative site location: http://www.medic.usm.my/publication/mjms/

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