About Bioline  All Journals  Testimonials  Membership  News  Donations

Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences
School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia
ISSN: 1394-195X
Vol. 20, No. 1, 2013, pp. 69-75
Bioline Code: mj13009
Full paper language: English
Document type: Short Communication
Document available free of charge

Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences, Vol. 20, No. 1, 2013, pp. 69-75

 en Exploring the Halal Status of Cardiovascular, Endocrine, and Respiratory Group of Medications
Sarriff, Azmi & Razzaq, Hadeer Akram Abdul


Muslim consumers have special needs in medical treatment that differ from non-Muslim consumers. In particular, there is a growing demand among Muslim consumers for Halal medications. This descriptive exploratory study aims to determine the Halal status of selected cardiovascular, endocrine, and respiratory medications stored in an out-patient pharmacy in a Malaysian governmental hospital. Sources of active ingredients and excipients for each product were assessed for Halal status based on available information obtained from product leaflets, the Medical Information Management System (MIMS) website, or manufacturers. Halal status was based on the products’ sources and categorized into Halal, Mushbooh, or Haram. The proportions of Halal, Mushbooh, and Haram products were at 19.1%, 57.1%, and 23.8%, respectively. The percentage of active ingredients for cardiovascular/endocrine products that were assessed as Haram was 5.3%; for respiratory medications, it was only 1.1%. For excipients, 1.7% and 4.8% fall under the category of Haram for cardiovascular/endocrine products and respiratory products, respectively. Ethanol and magnesium stearate were found to be the common substances that were categorized as Haram and Mushbooh.

cardiovascular drugs, endocrine drugs, ethanol, halal, magnesium stearate respiratory drugs

© Copyright 2013 - Malaysian Journal of Medical Science
Alternative site location:

Home Faq Resources Email Bioline
© Bioline International, 1989 - 2018, Site last up-dated on 24-Sep-2018.
Site created and maintained by the Reference Center on Environmental Information, CRIA, Brazil
System hosted by the Internet Data Center of Rede Nacional de Ensino e Pesquisa, RNP, Brazil