Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences
School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia
Vol. 20, No. 4, 2013, pp. 39-46
Bioline Code: mj13053
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences, Vol. 20, No. 4, 2013, pp. 39-46
© Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences
Prevalence of Oral Mucosal Lesions in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Attending Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia|
Al-Maweri, Sadeq Ali Ali; Ismail, Noorliza Mastura; Ismail, Abdul Rashid & Al-Ghashm, Abdulmlik
Objectives: Diabetes mellitus is associated with a greater likelihood of developing certain oral mucosal disorders. This study was aimed at assessing the prevalence of oral mucosal lesions (OMLs) in patients with type 2 diabetes (DM2) and to investigate the association of such lesions with metabolic control of the disease.
Methods: This cross-sectional study involved 391 patients with DM2 and 391 non-diabetic control subjects. Demographic information and data on the duration and type of diabetes, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) values, medical history, and current use of medication were obtained from medical records. Detailed oral examination was performed in accordance with international criteria.
Results: The prevalence of OMLs was significantly higher among diabetic patients (45.5%) than among control subjects (38.4%) (P = 0.042). Patients with diabetes had a higher prevalence of geographic tongue (GT) (P = 0.017), denture stomatitis (P = 0.018), and angular cheilitis (P = 0.006) than controls. Overall, diabetic patients with poor metabolic control had a significantly higher prevalence of OMLs and xerostomia than patients with moderately and well-controlled disease (P < 0.05).
Conclusions: The prevalence of OMLs was significantly higher in diabetic patients than in control subjects. Higher occurrence of OMLs was significantly associated with poor metabolic control.
diabetes mellitus type 2; prevalence; mouth mucosa; oral pathology
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