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Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences
School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia
ISSN: 1394-195X
Vol. 21, No. 3, 2014, pp. 71-77
Bioline Code: mj14036
Full paper language: English
Document type: Short Communication
Document available free of charge

Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences, Vol. 21, No. 3, 2014, pp. 71-77

 en Thromboprophylaxis and Orthopaedic Surgery: Options and Current Guidelines
SOLAYAR, Gandhi Nathan & SHANNON, Fintan John

Abstract

  Antithrombotic therapy remains crucial in the peri- and post-operative management of patients who undergo orthopaedic surgical procedures, particularly total joint arthroplasty (TJA) and hip fracture surgery (HFS). Optimal thromboprophylaxis is currently mandatory in most orthopaedic practices to avoid the dreaded complications of venous thromboembolism (VTE). The pathogenesis of VTE is multifactorial and includes the well-known Virchow's triad of hypercoagulability, venous stasis, and endothelial damage. With current advances in orthopaedic surgery, a multimodal approach to thromboprophylaxis, anaesthetic management, and post-operative convalescence have altered the risks of venous thromboembolism after TJA and HFS in the lower extremity. This article reviews the various VTE prophylactic options and current best practice guidelines for orthopaedic TJA and HFS.

Keywords
thrombolytic therapy; hip fracture; anthroplasty; venous thromboembolism

 
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Alternative site location: http://www.medic.usm.my/publication/mjms/

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