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Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences
School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia
ISSN: 1394-195X
Vol. 22, No. 5, 2015, pp. 64-69
Bioline Code: mj15058
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences, Vol. 22, No. 5, 2015, pp. 64-69

 en HIV-Related Stigma and Discriminatory Attitudes among a Semi-Urban Population
Lugova, Halyna; Mon, Aye Aye; Daher, Aqil Mohammad & Suleiman, Adlina


Background: Stigma and discriminatory attitudes (SDAs) have a negative impact on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention, testing, and treatment as well as on family and social networks. There is a lack of understanding about HIV-related SDAs among people living outside large cities.
Objective: This study is aimed to determine the level of HIV-related SDAs among a semiurban population in Malaysia and to compare the SDA results among people with different sociodemographic characteristics.
Methods: A sample of 106 respondents was generated by convenience sampling during the screening campaign in Alor Gajah, Malaysia. Data collection was carried out based on a pre-tested questionnaire via face-to-face interviews.
Results: More than half of the respondents (62.3%) thought that an HIV-positive teacher should not be allowed to continue teaching at school; 81.1% were unsure or were unwilling to care for their family member with AIDS at home; 81.2% thought children with HIV/AIDS should not continue to be raised in families; and 77.3% thought they would not reveal if a family member had HIV/AIDS.
Conclusion: Priority should be given to evidence-based interventions to reduce HIV-related SDAs. This study did not reveal any significant relationship between sociodemographic profiles and HIV-related SDAs. Therefore, further research with a larger sample size is needed to investigate the underlying causes of HIV-related SDAs.

attitude; discrimination; HIV/AIDS; stigma; Malaysia

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