Perceived Stress among Malaysian Railway Workers|
Al-Dubai, Sami Abdo Radman; Ganasegeran, Kurubaran; Elkalmi, Ramadan; Alshakka, Mohammed & Ghanem, Nizar
Background: Stress is a common work-related problem worldwide. Railway workers are
predominantly stressed due to their rigid protocols and limited rest opportunities. This study
aimed to determine the level of, and factors associated with, stress among railway workers in
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among all 729 railway workers employed
at Keretapi Tanah Melayu Berhad (KTMB) in eight states in Malaysia via a postal survey. The self-administered
questionnaire consisted of socio-demographic characteristics and the validated
Malay version of Perceived Stress Scale-10 (PSS-10). Response rate was 70.4% (513/729).
Results: Mean (SD) age of workers was 41.4 (10.7), with the majority aged 30 years or
older (79.3%). Mean (SD) perceived stress was 18.8 (4.3). In multiple linear regression analysis,
the significant predictors of high stress were high school versus tertiary education (β = 0.10, 95%
CI 0.11, 1.73, P = 0.027) and being a white collar worker versus blue collar (β = 0.113, 95% CI 0.10,
1.74, P = 0.010).
Conclusions: Education level and type of work were significantly associated with
perceived stress among railway workers in this study.
mental health; occupational health; transportation; workers; Malaysia