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Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences
School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia
ISSN: 1394-195X
Vol. 23, No. 5, 2016, pp. 57-64
Bioline Code: mj16063
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences, Vol. 23, No. 5, 2016, pp. 57-64

 en A Survey of Iron Supplementation Consumption and its Related Factors in High School Students in Southeast Iran, 2015
Khammarnia, Mohammad; Amani, Zahra; Hajmohammadi, Mahsa; Ansari-Moghadam, Alireza & Eslahi, Marzieh

Abstract

  Background: This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of iron supplement consumption and its associated factors among high school students in Iran.
  Methods: A mixed-methods (quantitative-qualitative) study was conducted in Zahedan, southeast Iran, in 2015. The sample comprised 400 high school students from different areas of Zahedan who were randomly selected. A standard questionnaire and semi-structured interview were used to collect data in the quantitative and qualitative phases, respectively. The data were analysed using SPSS software with one-way ANOVA and Pearson’s chi square. Additionally, content analysis was used for the qualitative analysis.
  Results: In total, 38.2% of the students had not consumed iron supplements in the past 16 weeks, and students in third grade had the highest non-consumption rate (P=0.006). There was a significant positive relationship between iron tablet consumption and grade point average in the last year (P = 0.003). Digestive problems, influence of family and friends, students’ reluctance, and poor environmental situations were the most important factors related to students’ refusal to take tablets.
  Conclusions: Most students did not take or irregularly consumed iron supplements. Based on the digestive problems of the students, improving the taste and quality of iron tablets is recommended.

Keywords
iron-deficiency; anaemia; students; female; Iran

 
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