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Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences
School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia
ISSN: 1394-195X
Vol. 23, No. 6, 2016, pp. 25-34
Bioline Code: mj16076
Full paper language: English
Document type: Review Article
Document available free of charge

Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences, Vol. 23, No. 6, 2016, pp. 25-34

 en Updates on Knowledge, Attitude and Preventive Practices on Tuberculosis among Healthcare Workers
Farhanah, Abd Wahab; Sarimah, Abdullah; Jafri Malin, Abdullah; Hasnan, Jaafar; Siti Suraiya, Md Noor; Wan Mohd Zahiruddin Wan, Mohammad; Abdul Aziz, Mohamed Yusoff; Tharakan, John; Shalini, Bhaskar; Muthuraju, Sangu; Mohd Shah, Mahmood; Fauziah, Kassim; MD. Hanip, Rafia; Mohammed Safari, Mohammed Haspani; Azmi, Alias & Rogelio, Hernández Pando


Ranking as the most communicable disease killer worldwide, tuberculosis, has accounted with a total of 9.6 million new tuberculosis cases with 1.5 million tuberculosis-related deaths reported globally in 2014. Tuberculosis has remain as an occupational hazard for healthcare workers since 1920s and due to several tuberculosis outbreaks in healthcare settings in the early 1990s, the concern about the transmission to both patients and healthcare workers has been raised. Healthcare workers have two to three folds greater the risk of active tuberculosis than the general population. Several studies on knowledge, attitude and practices on tuberculosis among healthcare workers worldwide have revealed that majority of the participated healthcare workers had good knowledge on tuberculosis. Most of the healthcare workers from South India and South Africa also reported to have positive attitude whereas a study in Thailand reported that most of the healthcare providers have negative attitude towards tuberculosis patients. Nevertheless, majority of the healthcare workers have low level of practice on tuberculosis prevention. An improved communication between healthcare workers and the patients as well as their families is the key to better therapeutic outcomes with good knowledge, attitude and preventive practice towards tuberculosis.

tuberculosis; healthcare; health knowledge; attitudes; practice

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