Direct Medical Costs of Dengue Fever in Vietnam: A Retrospective Study in a Tertiary Hospital|
Vo, Nhung Thi Tuyet; Phan, Trang Ngo Diem & Vo, Trung Quang
Background: In Vietnam, dengue fever is a major health concern, yet comprehensive
information on its economic costs is lacking. The present study investigated treatment costs
associated with dengue fever from the perspective of health care provision.
Methods: This retrospective study was conducted between January 2013 and December
2015 in Cu Chi General Hospital. The following dengue-related treatment costs were calculated:
hospitalisation, diagnosis, specialised services, drug usage and medical supplies. Average cost per
case and treatment cost across different age was calculated.
Results: In the study period, 1672 patients with dengue fever were hospitalised. The
average age was 24.98 (SD = 14.10) years, and 47.5% were males (795 patients). Across age groups,
the average cost per episode was USD 48.10 (SD = 3.22). The highest costs (USD 56.61, SD = 48.84)
were incurred in the adult age group (> 15 years), and the lowest costs (USD 30.10, SD = 17.27)
were incurred in the paediatric age group (< 15 years).
Conclusion: The direct medical costs of dengue-related hospitalisation place a severe
economic burden on patients and their families. The probable economic value of dengue
management in Vietnam is significant.
direct cost; dengue; dengue fever; hospitalisation; Vietnam