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Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences
School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia
ISSN: 1394-195X
Vol. 24, No. 4, 2017, pp. 18-29
Bioline Code: mj17044
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences, Vol. 24, No. 4, 2017, pp. 18-29

 en The Study of Apoptosis-inducing Effects of Three Pre-apoptotic Factors by Gallic Acid, Using Simulation Analysis and the Comet Assay Technique on the Prostatic Cancer Cell Line PC3
Saffari-Chaleshtori, Javad; Heidari-Sureshjani, Ehsan; Moradi, Fahimeh; Jazi, Hojjatollah Molavian & Heidarian, Esfandiar

Abstract

  Background: In this study, we demonstrated the effects of the Gallic Acid (GA) molecule on the prostate cancer cells line PC3 using the comet assay (Alkaline electrophoresis) technique and its effects on some important apoptotic factors including BAD (Bcl-2-Associated Death promoter), BAK (Bcl-2 homologous Antagonist/Killer), and BIM (Bcl-2-like protein 11) via simulation analysis by using the Auto Dock and Gromacs software.
  Methods: Following the MTT assay on the PC3 cells, and determining IC50, we used three concentrations of GA to around IC50 to treat PC3 cells. 100 comet pictures were obtained by alkaline electrophoresis and have been analysed with the CASP version 1.2.2 software; all the results were thereafter analysed by the SPSS version 21 statistical software.
  Results: The IC50 value for GA was determined to be 35 μM. The ratio of tail to head in alkaline electrophoresis for the three concentrations below the IC50 of GA in 25, 30, and 35 μM were measured as 24.7 (2.7), 44.5 (1.8), and 57.3 (1.3) percent, respectively. The results of the preapoptotic factors (BAD, BAK, and BIM) in the performed simulation in the absence and presence of GA showed that the GA protein causes the structural instability in the BAD protein, and the effect of GA can be explained by the creation of hydrogen bonds with proteins.
  Conclusion: GA is a polyphenol compound in plants that can suppress cell growth and induce apoptosis in PC3 cells in prostate cancer in the range of IC50 concentrations. The apoptotic properties of GA induce pre-apoptotic factors.

Keywords
simulation; apoptosis; gallic acid

 
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