Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) are considered low pathogenic organisms.
However, they are progressively causing more serious infections with time because they have
adapted well to various antibiotics owing to their ability to form biofilms. Few studies have been
conducted on CoNS in both, hospital and community-acquired settings, especially in Malaysia.
Thus, it is important to study their species and gene distributions. A mobile genetic element,
staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec
), plays an important role in staphylococci
pathogenesis. Among CoNS, SCCmec
has been studied less frequently than Staphylococcus aureus
(coagulase-positive staphylococci). A recent study (8) conducted in Malaysia successfully detected
type I to VIII as well as several new combination patterns in CoNS species, particularly
. However, data are still limited, and further research is warranted.
This paper provides a review on SCCmec
types among CoNS species.