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Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences
School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia
ISSN: 1394-195X
Vol. 25, No. 2, 2018, pp. 40-49
Bioline Code: mj18020
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences, Vol. 25, No. 2, 2018, pp. 40-49

 en High Genetic Diversity among Stenotrophomonas maltophilia check for this species in other resources Isolates from Single Hospital: Nosocomial Outbreaks or Genotypic Profile Changes during Subcultures
Güvenir, Meryem; Otlu, Baris; Tunc, Emine; Aktas, Elif & Suer, Kaya

Abstract

    Background: Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is a non-fermentative gram-negative bacillus check for this species in other resources which is widely recognised as an important nosocomial pathogen causing pneumonia, blood-stream, wound and urinary tract infections, particularly in immunosuppressed patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate a nosocomial outbreak of by S. maltophilia in an intensive care unit of a tertiary hospital and evaluate unexpected multiclonality.
    Methods: A total of 11 isolates from respiratory cultures in intensive care unit of a 24 bed tertiary hospital obtained over a one months period and one isolate obtained from the nebuliser during environmental screening were investigated. The bacteria were identified by Phoenix 100 system. The clonal relatedness was evaluated by PFGE and semi-automated repetitive sequence-based PCR. Genotyping tests were repeated for 10 serial subcultures.
    Results: PFGE and DiversiLab yielded 10 genotypic profiles for 12 isolates. Four to eight different genotypes were observed from 10 subcultures of the same isolate.
    Conclusion: We conclude that, high genetic diversity and supposed multiclonal appearance of the outbreak isolates may be due to changing profiles during subcultures most probably depending on hypermutation.

Keywords
Stenotrophomonas maltophilia; multiclonal outbreaks; hypermutation

 
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