Understanding Female Students’ Needs to Develop Health Promoting School Programme: An Exploratory Qualitative Analysis|
Rakhshani, Fatemeh; Ansari Moghaddam, Ali-Reza; Shahraki-Sanavi, Fariba; Mohammadi, Mahdi & Fakhrerahimi, Saeed
Background: This study was carried out on Iranian female adolescents to understand
health needs for the purpose of designing health promoting intervention in schools.
Methods: In this exploratory qualitative study, two focus group discussion (15 teachers)
and 30 individual in-depth interviews were conducted among female adolescents in the eighth
grade in Zahedan, Iran. Qualitative content analysis was used for data evaluation.
Results: The views of students and teachers demonstrated nine of needs including:
informing students about the schools’ health project aims, education and training all dimensions
of health with an emphasis on mental health, use of experts in various fields for education from
other organisations, employing capable and trusted counselors in schools, utilisation of a variety
of teaching methods, activating reward systems for encouraging students’ participation in group
activities, teaching communication and the ability to establish good relationships with parents and
strategies for resolving family conflict, teaching parents and students high-risk behaviours and
strategies for handling them as well as reforming wrong attitudes and indigenous sub-culture.
Conclusion: This study found the different needs of Iranian female students compared
to other cultures about a health promoting school programme. Therefore, their contribution can
provide an insight for formulating policies and intervention in schools.
promoting school programme; needs; female; Iran; exploratory qualitative study