Increased Lower Limb Loading During Sit-to-Stand is Important for the Potential for Walking Progression in Ambulatory Individuals with Spinal Cord Injury|
Khuna, Lalita; Mato, Lugkana; Amatachaya, Pipatana; Thaweewannakij, Thiwabhorn & Amatachaya, Sugalya
Background: Decreased rehabilitation time may increase the need for walking devices
at the time of discharge to promote levels of independence among ambulatory individuals with
spinal cord injury (SCI). However, using walking devices could create adverse effects on patients. This study explores the proportion of walking devices used, potential for walking progression, and associated factors among ambulatory individuals with SCI.
Methods: Fifty-seven participants were assessed for their demographics and functional
ability relating to the requirement for walking devices, including the Timed Up and Go Test (TUGT) and lower limb loading during sit-to-stand (LLL-STS).
Results: Thirty-five participants (61%) used a walking device, particularly a standard
walker, for daily walking. More than half of them (n = 23, 66%) had potential of walking
progression (i.e., safely walk with a less-support device than the usual one). The ability of walking progression was significantly associated with a mild severity of injury, increased lower-limb muscle strength, decreased time to complete the TUGT, and, in particular, increased LLL-STS.
Conclusion: A large proportion of ambulatory individuals with SCI have the potential for
walking progression, which may increase their level of independence and minimise the appearance of disability. Strategies to promote LLL-STS are important for this progression.
rehabilitation; physiotherapy; walker; cane; walking device