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Malawi Medical Journal
College of Medicine, University of Malawi and Medical Association of Malawi
ISSN: 1995-7262
Vol. 25, No. 3, 2013, pp. 78-82
Bioline Code: mm13019
Full paper language: English
Document type: View Point
Document available free of charge

Malawi Medical Journal, Vol. 25, No. 3, 2013, pp. 78-82

 en Exit ventriculoperitoneal shunt; enter endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV): contemporary views on hydrocephalus and their implications on management
Kamalo, P.


Hydrocephalus has been known to affect humans since the birth of human medicine as it is described by Hippocrates. The management of this condition is however still dodged by challenges due to a poor understanding of its pathophysiology. The ventriculoperitoneal shunt presents considerable problems especially with respect to infection and shunt malfunction. Low income countries, that currently face the greater burden of paediatric hydrocephalus. experience an increased challenge with ventriculoperitoneal shunts due to a shortage of qualified personnel to handle shunt complications. Recent advances in neuro-endoscopic surgery have presented opportunities for alternative treatment options for hydrocephalus such as endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV). This paper explores the alternative views in the pathophysiology of hydrocephalus and how they explain the effectiveness of ETV in treating hydrocephalus arising from a variety of causes.

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