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Malawi Medical Journal
College of Medicine, University of Malawi and Medical Association of Malawi
ISSN: 1995-7262
Vol. 27, No. 1, 2015, pp. 10-12
Bioline Code: mm15003
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Malawi Medical Journal, Vol. 27, No. 1, 2015, pp. 10-12

 en Pathologically confirmed breast cancer in Malawi: a descriptive study: Clinical profile of breast cancer
Kohler, R. E.; Moses, A.; Krysiak, R.; Liomba, N. G. & Gopal, S.


Background Breast cancer is the most common female cancer in Africa, yet no published studies have investigated breast cancer in Malawi. Understanding the clinical profile of breast cancer is important to develop early diagnosis efforts.
Aim To describe clinical and pathological characteristics of breast specimens from a pathology laboratory at a national teaching hospital. Methods Secondary analysis of pathology reports from July 2011 to September 2013.
Results Among 85 breast cancer cases, 55% were < 50 years. Median tumor size was 4 cm and 49% were grade 3. Median symptom duration was eight months.
Conclusions Malawian women with breast cancer commonly have long symptom durations prior to diagnosis, young age, and poorly differentiated tumors. Improved clinical and pathological characterization, including hormone receptor status, are urgently needed to better understand this disease in Malawi.

© Copyright 2015 - Malawi Medical Journal
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