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Malawi Medical Journal
College of Medicine, University of Malawi and Medical Association of Malawi
ISSN: 1995-7262
Vol. 27, No. 2, 2015, pp. 50-54
Bioline Code: mm15014
Full paper language: English
Document type: Study
Document available free of charge

Malawi Medical Journal, Vol. 27, No. 2, 2015, pp. 50-54

 en Quality of life after first-ever stroke: An interviewbased study from Blantyre, Malawi
Heikinheimo, T. & Chimbayo, D.


Background In post-stroke patients, impairment of quality of life (QOL) has been associated with functional impairment, age, anxiety, depression, and fatigue. Good social support, higher education, and better socioeconomic status are associated with better QOL among stroke survivors. In Africa, studies from Nigeria and Tanzania have reported on post-stroke QOL.
Aim The aim of this study was to describe QOL more than six months after first-ever stroke in Malawi.
Methods This was an interview-based study about a stroke-surviving cohort. Adult patients were interviewed six or twelve months after their first ever stroke. HIV status, modified stroke severity scale (mNIHSS) score, and brain scan results were recorded during the acute phase of stroke. At the time of the interviews, the modified Rankin scale (mRS) was used to assess functional outcome. The interviews applied the Newcastle Stroke-specific Quality of Life Measure (NEWSQOL). All the data were analysed using Statview™: the X2 test compared proportions, Student’s t-test compared means for normally distributed data, and the Kruskal-Wallis test was used for nonparametric data.
Results Eighty-one patients were followed up at least six months after the acute stroke. Twenty-five stroke patients (ten women) were interviewed with the NEWSQOL questionnaire. Good functional outcome (lower mRS score) was positively associated with better QOL in the domains of activities of daily living (ADL)/self-care (p = 0.0024) and communication (p = 0.031). Women scored worse in the fatigue (p = 0.0081) and cognition (p = 0.048) domains. Older age was associated with worse QOL in the ADL (p = 0.0122) domain. Seven patients were HIV-seroreactive. HIV infection did not affect post-stroke QOL.
Conclusion In Malawi, within specific domains, QOL after stroke appeared to be related to patients’ age, sex, and functional recovery in this small sample of patients.

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