Malawi Medical Journal
College of Medicine, University of Malawi and Medical Association of Malawi
Vol. 29, No. 2, 2017, pp. 89-96
Bioline Code: mm17022
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
Malawi Medical Journal, Vol. 29, No. 2, 2017, pp. 89-96
© Copyright 2017 - The College of Medicine and the Medical Association of Malawi
Psychometric evaluation of the Shona version of the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support Scale (MSPSS–Shona) in adult informal caregivers of patients with cancer in Harare, Zimbabwe|
Dambi, Jermaine M.; Tapera, Lyster; Chiwaridzo, Matthew; Tadyanemhandu, Cathrine & Nhunzvi, Clement
Providing care for a patient with cancer can negatively affect the health and psychosocial well-being of informal caregivers. However,
social support has been enlisted as an essential buffer to stressful life events. There is now a greater call to routinely measure and provide
support for caregivers and this is only feasible through use of validated outcome measures. The multidimensional scale of perceived
social support (MSPSS) is one of the most commonly used social support outcome measure. Consequently, the MSPSS has been
translated into several languages and validated across several populations. The aim of the present study was to translate the MPSS to
Shona (Zimbabwean native language) and validate it in caregivers of patients with cancer.
The MSPSS was translated to Shona using a backward-forward translation method, pretested on a group of caregivers (n = 10) before
being administered to large sample (N = 126) at Parirenyatwa Group of Hospitals. Both exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis
were performed to assess the structural validity of the MSPSS-Shona version. Reliability was assessed using the Cronbach’s alpha.
Data for 120 caregivers were analysed. Most were females (69.2%), had attained at least secondary education (81.7%) and married (75%).
There was moderate evidence for structural validity for the 2-factor model and excellent evidence for internal consistency as the scale
yielded α = 0.905.
Despite moderate evidence for structural validity, the translation of MSPSS into native languages (e.g., MSPSS-Shona) in low resource
settings can be deemed as “steps in the right direction” for evidence based practise in management of cancer. There is also need for
further psychometric evaluation of the MSPSS-Shona.
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