A qualitative study of health education experiences and self-management practices among patients with type 2 diabetes at Malamulo Adventist Hospital in Thyolo District, Malawi|
Ogunrinu, Temidayo; Gamboa-Maldonado, Thelma; Ngewa, R. Ndinda; Saunders, Jasmine; Crounse, Jamie & Misiri, James
The aim of this study was to understand the perceptions and experiences of health education and self-management practices on
Malamulo Adventist Hospital type 2 diabetic patients.
In this qualitative study, key informant interviews (KIIs; n = 4) and focus group discussions (3 FGDs; n = 16) were conducted amongst
type 2 diabetes patients who had been treated at Malamulo Adventist Hospital in southern Malawi at least once. Key informant interviews
and focus group discussions were audio recorded, transcribed verbatim and translated for analysis. Grounded theory methods were used
to identify line-by-line emerging codes and were categorised and examined in Atlas.ti. The data was analysed for emergent themes and
supported by critical quotes.
Content analysis revealed participants had a positive regard for the diabetes education classes and had satisfactory health literacy.
Participants expressed their ability to integrate diabetes education, such as exercise into their lifestyle. Due to financial constraints
subjects experienced trouble maintaining their medication regimen, and had difficulty adopting healthier nutritional alternatives. Although
patients expressed efficacy in controlling their blood sugar they subsequently expressed having limited knowledge when dealing with
Diabetes self-management is comprised of a complex set of processes. Patients with type 2 diabetes at Malamulo Adventist Hospital
are deeply impacted by these processes which includes their understanding of the disease process, effects of medication, economic
challenges to acquiring health care services and medications, and one’s unique life experience. For all patients with type 2 diabetes to
successfully manage their condition, support from their family, the medical community, and health policies must be readily available.