About Bioline  All Journals  Testimonials  Membership  News

Malawi Medical Journal
College of Medicine, University of Malawi and Medical Association of Malawi
ISSN: 1995-7262
Vol. 29, No. 2, 2017, pp. 151-154
Bioline Code: mm17033
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Malawi Medical Journal, Vol. 29, No. 2, 2017, pp. 151-154

 en First aid practices, beliefs, and sources of information among caregivers regarding paediatric burn injuries in Harare, Zimbabwe: A cross-sectional study
Chirongoma, Farai; Chengetanai, Samson & Tadyanemhandu, Cathrine


While burns take seconds to occur, the resulting injuries result in pain and undesirable long-term (often lifelong) effects. The study was carried out to determine the practices, beliefs, and sources of information related to burns and first aid among caregivers of children who present to hospital with burn injuries in Harare, Zimbabwe.
A cross-sectional study was carried out over a period of 3 months at 2 central hospitals in Harare (Parirenyatwa Group of Hospitals and Harare Central Hospital). A questionnaire was administered to the caregivers of children, aged 0 to 60 months and admitted to the burns wards, to elicit information on the circumstances of the burn injury and the first aid methods which were administered.
Out of the 50 children who were recruited, 54.0% were females and the mean age was 29.5 months (SD = 15.5). As first aid for the burn injuries that brought these children to hospital, 30 (60.0%) of the caregivers cooled the burn with cold running water. Some caregivers applied eggs, margarine, or traditional herbs as first aid. Other first aid practices reported by the caregivers included the use of urine and crushed cockroaches (n = 40; 80.0%), while 20 caregivers (40.0%) used aloe vera gel. About half of the caregivers received first aid information mainly from family members and very few indicated that the information was obtained from mass media (n = 3; 6.0%).
The first aid measures used by the majority of caregivers were either incomplete or inadequate. Although some caregivers had adequate knowledge of what to do after an injury, there still was widespread use of alternative therapies in burn management.

© Copyright 2017 - The College of Medicine and the Medical Association of Malawi
Alternative site location:

Home Faq Resources Email Bioline
© Bioline International, 1989 - 2023, Site last up-dated on 01-Sep-2022.
Site created and maintained by the Reference Center on Environmental Information, CRIA, Brazil
System hosted by the Google Cloud Platform, GCP, Brazil