Information management in Malawi’s prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission (PMTCT) Program: Health workers’ perspectives|
Kumwenda, Wiza; Kunyenje, Gregory; Gama, Jimmie; Chinkonde, Jacqueline; Martinson, Francis; Hoffman, Irving; Hosseinipour, Mina & Rosenberg, Nora
Health workers are the key drivers for strengthening Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission (PMTCT) program information
management in the health facilities. Thus understanding how health workers perceive information management can enlighten areas
that require interventions to improve information management processes in the health facilities. The purpose is to assess health
workers’ perceptions toward PMTCT program information management and factors affecting information management in the health
The study was conducted in five out of forty-three health facilities providing PMTCT services in Lilongwe district and thirty out
of sixty-eight health workers were recruited across the study sites. Purposive and convenience sampling were used. Semi-structured
questionnaires and in-depth interviews were used to collect demographic information and health workers’ perceptions toward
information management, respectively. Thematic and content analysis techniques were employed for qualitative data, while descriptive
statistics were used for quantitative data.
Most health workers perceived information management tasks as part of their job description, but less important to provision of
clinical services. For many, use of information technology tools was viewed as beneficial and valuable, whereas the paper-based
system was perceived as tedious and difficult to manage. In addition, some believed lack of feedback, information sharing, and poor
attitude toward information management tasks were challenges.
Based on the study findings, there is need to find ways of motivating data quality improvement practises in the health facilities, as
health workers view this as a tangential, non-essential part of their job. Health facility leadership needs to promote an information
culture through enforcement of meetings, supervision and provision of feedback. The government and its partners should continue
rolling out and enhancing competence of health workers on EMR in the health facilities whilst also addressing challenges mentioned
in the study.