Burden of family caregivers of ophthalmic patients in a university teaching hospital in south-west Nigeria|
Olowookere, Samuel A.; Badmus, Sarat A.; Laoye, Olajumoke; Ijadunola, Macellina Y. & Hassan, Mustapha
The family provides support in the care of their ill members and suffers some burden during caregiving. This study assessed the burden of
family caregivers and associated factors in an ophthalmic clinic situated in a university teaching hospital in southwest Nigeria.
This was a descriptive cross-sectional study where consenting family caregivers of ophthalmic patients completed a semi-structured
questionnaire containing information on their socio-demographic characteristics and caregiving burden using the Zarit burden interview.
Descriptive and inferential statistics analyses were done.
A total of 273 caregivers completed the study. The caregivers were parents (23.5%), spouses (20.1%), siblings (3.3%), children (35.9%)
and other relatives (14.2%) with mean age (SD) of 38.9 (14.9) years (range 8-79 years). Majority (81.2%) experienced caregiver burden
with prayer (89%) as a coping strategy. Financial support (56%) was a major caregiver need with majority (59.3%) satisfied with their
relatives’ hospital care. Neither the patients nor their caregivers were on health insurance scheme. Statistical significant factors associated
with caregivers’ burden included young age (AOR=4.63, 95%CI=1.55-13.90; p=0.01), higher education (AOR=5.51, 95%CI=2.30-13.2,
p=0.01), being employed (AOR=1.72, 95CI=1.30-4.76, p=0.04), longer caregiving (AOR=3.37, 95%CI=1.27-7.02, p=0.02), and having
patient on hospital admission (AOR=1.90, 95%CI=1.26-3.09, p=0.02).
Family caregivers of ophthalmic patients experienced significant burden. Hence, they need more assistance from the health care institutions
and community, including policy makers, so that they can cope with their caregiving activities. Enrollment in the social health insurance
scheme will reduce out of pocket payment of hospital bills.
family caregivers; burden; opthalmic patients