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Malawi Medical Journal
College of Medicine, University of Malawi and Medical Association of Malawi
ISSN: 1995-7262
Vol. 31, No. 1, 2019, pp. 56-64
Bioline Code: mm19010
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Malawi Medical Journal, Vol. 31, No. 1, 2019, pp. 56-64

 en Do Community Characteristics Influence Unintended Pregnancies in Kenya?
Solanke, Bola Lukman; Kupoluyi, Joseph Ayodeji; Akinyemi, Joshua Odunayo & Banjo, Olufunmilayo Olufunmilola


Most existing studies on unintended pregnancies tend to examine the influence of individual socio-demographic and health characteristics without sufficient attention to community characteristics. This study examines community characteristics influencing unintended pregnancies in Kenya.
Data were extracted from the 2014 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey (KDHS). The outcome variable was unintended pregnancy. The explanatory variables were selected individual and community level variables. The Multilevel mixed-effects logistic regression was applied.
Findings show 41.9% prevalence of unintended pregnancies. Community characteristics such as community education, community timing for initiation of childbearing, community fertility norms, and community media exposure significantly influence the likelihood of unintended pregnancies. The Intra-Cluster Correlation (ICC) provided evidence that community characteristics had effects on unintended pregnancies.
There is evidence that community characteristics influence the prevalence of unintended pregnancies in Kenya. Community sensitisation and mobilisation should be central to all efforts aiming to reduce prevalence of unintended pregnancies.

unintended pregnancy; pregnancy intention; women; community; Kenya

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