Malawi Medical Journal
College of Medicine, University of Malawi and Medical Association of Malawi
Vol. 31, No. 1, 2019, pp. 56-64
Bioline Code: mm19010
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
Malawi Medical Journal, Vol. 31, No. 1, 2019, pp. 56-64
© Copyright 2019 - The College of Medicine and the Medical Association of Malawi
Do Community Characteristics Influence Unintended Pregnancies in Kenya?|
Solanke, Bola Lukman; Kupoluyi, Joseph Ayodeji; Akinyemi, Joshua Odunayo & Banjo, Olufunmilayo Olufunmilola
Most existing studies on unintended pregnancies tend to examine the influence of individual socio-demographic and health characteristics
without sufficient attention to community characteristics. This study examines community characteristics influencing unintended pregnancies
Data were extracted from the 2014 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey (KDHS). The outcome variable was unintended pregnancy. The
explanatory variables were selected individual and community level variables. The Multilevel mixed-effects logistic regression was applied.
Findings show 41.9% prevalence of unintended pregnancies. Community characteristics such as community education, community timing
for initiation of childbearing, community fertility norms, and community media exposure significantly influence the likelihood of unintended
pregnancies. The Intra-Cluster Correlation (ICC) provided evidence that community characteristics had effects on unintended pregnancies.
There is evidence that community characteristics influence the prevalence of unintended pregnancies in Kenya. Community sensitisation
and mobilisation should be central to all efforts aiming to reduce prevalence of unintended pregnancies.
unintended pregnancy; pregnancy intention; women; community; Kenya
Alternative site location: http://revista.uft.edu.br/index.php/jbb/index