Indian Journal of Medical Sciences
Medknow Publications on behalf of Indian Journal of Medical Sciences Trust
Vol. 61, No. 12, 2007, pp. 656-662
Bioline Code: ms07106
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
Indian Journal of Medical Sciences, Vol. 61, No. 12, 2007, pp. 656-662
© Copyright 2007 Indian Journal of Medical Sciences.
Health-risk behaviors related to road safety among adolescent students|
Sharma, Rahul; Grover, Vijay L & Chaturvedi, S
Background: Injuries are now a major cause of death and disability among the adolescents in the world. Road accidents are the main cause of death of young men worldwide.
Objective : To study health-risk behavior related to road safety amongst adolescent students in south Delhi and its epidemiological correlates.
Study Design : Cross-sectional study.
Setting : Three schools and two colleges in south Delhi. Participants: Five hundred fifty adolescent students aged 14-19 years selected by cluster sampling.
Statistical Analysis : Proportions, Chi-square test, multivariate logistic regression.
Results : More than half (52.4%) reported 'not always' wearing a seat belt. About 72.1% (300) of two-wheeler riders reported 'not always' and 23.3% (97) reported 'never' wearing a helmet. Nearly 20% (91) students rode with a driver who had alcohol before driving, and 37.3% (185) subjects had driven with a driver not possessing a driving license, in the past 30 days. Such 'road-hazard' behaviors were found to be significantly more in males and in lower-age groups. Logistic regression analysis revealed that the significant correlates of such behaviors were gender of the respondent and living status of the parents. Almost 77.5% (426) of the respondents were 'at risk' as far as behaviors related to safety on roads are concerned.
Conclusion : The results should evoke earnest responses from the government, policy makers and all personnel concerned with adolescent welfare on how best to reduce the extent of this preventable problem.
Adolescent, behaviors, road safety, students
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