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African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development
Rural Outreach Program
ISSN: 1684-5358
EISSN: 1684-5358
Vol. 13, No. 1, 2013, pp. 7273-7287
Bioline Code: nd13013
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development, Vol. 13, No. 1, 2013, pp. 7273-7287

Ukulo, J.W.; Kiiyukia, C. & Kenji, G.M.


Propolis samples collected from Mwingi, Malindi, Uasin-gishu and Meru south districts in Kenya were extracted using ethanol and methanol. The methanol extracts were further partitioned into ethyl acetate, hexane and aqueous fractions. The extracts were concentrated and dried in vacuum evaporator. Their antioxidative activities were tested in linoleic acid-β-carotene system and in soybean oil. The extracts’ radical scavenging activities against 2,2–diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazil (DPPH) were also studied. Significant differences were observed between the samples as well as within the samples’ various extracts. The ethanol extract of propolis (EEP) and the ethyl acetate fractions from all four samples had higher 2,2–diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazil (DPPH) radical scavenging activity compared to the aqueous and the hexane extracts at a concentration of 500 μg/ml. Malindi EEP at a concentration of 500 μg/ml had a significantly (p < 0.05) higher radical scavenging activity (87.7%) than all the other EEP’s. The least radical scavenging activity was observed in Uasin-gishu EEP with 73.3%. The Mwingi ethyl acetate extract at a concentration of 500 μg/ml had 79.2% radical scavenging activity which was the highest observed amongst the ethyl acetate fractions and the least was in Uasin-gishu sample having 66.1% activity. The highest activity among the aqueous extracts was 7.1% in Meru South sample at a concentration of 500 μg/ml. Radical scavenging activity did not differ in all four aqueous fractions. There was no significant difference (p < 0.05) observed in the antioxidation activity of Mwingi, Meru south and Malindi EEPP’s, in the linoleic acid-β-carotene system at a concentration of 500 μg/ml. The EEP’s were the most active against oxidation of the system with a range of 61.7% in Uasin-gishu sample to 71.8% in Malindi sample while the aqueous was the least active with a range of 5.8% to 11.7% in Uasin-gishu and Malindi samples respectively. The EEP’s at a concentration of 1mg/ml showed greater activity against antioxidation of soybean oil compared to butylated hydroxyltoluene (BHT) at a concentration of 0.2 μg/ml for the first 25 days of the test. After the 25th day, there was sharp increase in peroxide values in all the EEPs showing loss of antioxidation strength.

Propolis, Radical scavenging, antioxidation activity

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