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African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development
Rural Outreach Program
ISSN: 1684-5358
EISSN: 1684-5374
Vol. 16, No. 3, 2016, pp. 1126-1138
Bioline Code: nd16042
Full paper language: English
Document type: Review Article
Document available free of charge

African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development, Vol. 16, No. 3, 2016, pp. 1126-1138

 en A REVIEW OF AGRICULTURAL AFLATOXIN MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES AND EMERGING INNOVATIONS IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA
Monda, EO & Alakonya, AE

Abstract

Aflatoxins are highly carcinogenic secondary metabolites produced by Aspergillus flavus check for this species in other resources , A. parasiticus check for this species in other resources and A. nomius check for this species in other resources . Aflatoxin contamination of food and animal feeds is, therefore, a major food security, food safety, trade, human and domestic animal health concern. Researchers worldwide have suggested various agriculture-based strategies to manage aflatoxigenic Aspergillus species and reduce contamination to safe levels. This paper reviews various agricultural strategies that could be employed to reduce contamination of aflatoxins in food crops and animal feeds, as well as the challenges faced by these reduction strategies. Among these strategies are innovations like AflasafeTM and solar grain driers. It is hoped that this critique will stimulate refinement of the existing aflatoxin control approaches and innovations to maximize their efficacy.

Keywords
aflatoxins; plant resistance; atoxigenic strains; drying instruments; aflatoxin control; food safety; mycotoxins; post-harvest losses

 
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