African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development
Rural Outreach Program
Vol. 17, No. 2, 2017, pp. 11905-11935
Bioline Code: nd17032
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development, Vol. 17, No. 2, 2017, pp. 11905-11935
© Copyright 2017 - African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development
PROGRESS UPDATE: CROP DEVELOPMENT OF BIOFORTIFIED STAPLE FOOD CROPS UNDER HARVESTPLUS
Andersson, M.S.; Saltzman, A.; Virk, P.S. & Pfeiffer, W.H.
Over the past 15 years, biofortification, the process of breeding nutrients into food crops,
has gained ample recognition as a cost-effective, complementary, feasible means of
delivering micronutrients to populations that may have limited access to diverse diets,
supplements, or commercially fortified foods. In 2008, a panel of noted economists that
included five Nobel Laureates ranked biofortification fifth among the most cost-effective
solutions to address global challenges such as reducing hidden hunger. The 2016 World
Food Prize was awarded to biofortification.
Biofortification involves breeding staple food crops to increase their micronutrient
content, targeting foods widely consumed by low-income families in Africa, Asia, and
Latin America. The focus is on providing sufficient levels of vitamin A, iron, and/or zinc
through these crops, based on existing consumption patterns.
HarvestPlus is part of the CGIAR Research Program on Agriculture for Nutrition and
Health (A4NH). HarvestPlus works in partnership with more than 200 scientific and
implementation organizations around the world to improve nutrition and public health
by developing and promoting biofortified food crops that are rich in vitamins and
minerals, and providing global leadership on biofortification evidence and technology.
Crops bred for higher levels of micronutrients using conventional breeding methods have
been released in 26 countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America, and are now being
grown and eaten by millions of farmers and consumers. This paper reviews crop
development progress and varietal release of primary (major) and secondary (regionally
important) staple crops, with a focus on progress in Africa.
Biofortification; Micronutrients; Micronutrient Deficiency; Staple Crops; Breeding; Provitamin A; Iron; Zinc
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