Diagnostic validity of the Ki-67 labeling index using the MIB-1 monoclonal antibody in the grading of meningiomas|
Devaprasath A, Chacko G
Background: About 10% of meningiomas behave aggressively and are graded atypical or malignant with important therapeutic and prognostic implications. Routine histological parameters are inconsistent in the assessment of their aggressive behavior. Aims: The aim of this study was to find a threshold level of the MIB-1 labeling index (MIB-1 LI) with the highest diagnostic validity in predicting histological atypia in a meningioma. Setting and Design: This was a retrospective study of all atypical and malignant meningiomas diagnosed at our center between January 1995 and June 2000 and which were identified from the General Pathology Registry. Material and Methods: These meningiomas were assessed histologically with respect to the individual criteria of atypia. They were categorized according to the WHO 2000 classification as benign, atypical and anaplastic meningiomas, WHO Grades I, II and III respectively and by immunohistochemical analysis using the MIB-1 monoclonal antibody. Statistical Analysis: The diagnostically useful cut-off level for the prediction of atypia was estimated by calculating the sensitivity and specificity of the MIB-1 LI at various levels and a receiver operated characteristic (ROC) analysis was performed. The correlation between the individual histological parameters was studied and the MIB-1 LI was obtained using Fisher's exact test. Results: Of the 40 meningiomas studied 21 were benign, 16 atypical and 3 anaplastic. Atypical tumors had a higher MIB-1 LI than benign tumors, with diagnostic validity highest at a threshold of 7%, with a sensitivity of 0.86 and a specificity of 0.93, giving a likelihood ratio of 17. The MIB-1 LI correlated well with mitotic activity and the other individual criteria in the WHO 2000 definition of atypia in a meningioma. MIB-1 LI did not, however, correlate well with brain invasion. Conclusion: The MIB-1 LI has the highest validity in the diagnosis of atypia in meningiomas at a threshold level of 7%. The MIB-1 LI used in conjunction with histological features can help in making a recommendation regarding potentially aggressive behavior in meningiomas.