Medknow Publications on behalf of the Neurological Society of India
Vol. 54, No. 3, 2006, pp. 283-285
Bioline Code: ni06091
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge
Neurology India, Vol. 54, No. 3, 2006, pp. 283-285
© Copyright 2006 Neurology India.
Cranial nerve involvement in patients with leprous neuropathy|
Kumar Sudhir, Alexander Mathew, Gnanamuthu Chandran
Background: Leprosy is one of the most common causes of peripheral neuropathy, perhaps closely matched by diabetic neuropathy. Patterns of peripheral neuropathy in leprosy can be varied, which may include mononeuropathy, mononeuritis multiplex and symmetric polyneuropathy. Cranial nerves, especially facial and trigeminal nerves, are also commonly involved in leprosy.
Aims: To find out the pattern and spectrum of cranial nerve involvement in a consecutive series of patients with leprous neuropathy.
Settings and Design: A retrospective review of patients admitted with leprosy to the Neurology Department of a tertiary care center.
Materials and Methods: All consecutive patients admitted during an 8-year period (1995-2003) and diagnosed to have leprosy were included. They were clinically evaluated to determine the frequency and pattern of cranial nerve involvement.
Results: About 18% (9/51) of the leprosy patients seen during that period had clinical evidence of cranial nerve involvement. Facial and trigeminal nerves were the most commonly affected (five and four patients respectively).
Conclusions: Cranial nerve involvement is common in leprosy, which emphasizes the need to carefully examine them. Also, one should exclude leprosy in patients presenting with isolated cranial neuropathies.
Cranial neuropathy, leprosy
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