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Nigerian Journal of Physiological Sciences
Physiological Society of Nigeria
ISSN: 0794-859X
Vol. 20, No. 1-2, 2005, pp. 63-68
Bioline Code: np05012
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

Nigerian Journal of Physiological Sciences, Vol. 20, No. 1-2, 2005, pp. 63-68

 en FACTORS INFLUENCING THE INCIDENCE OF PRE-TERM BIRTH IN CALABAR, NIGERIA
S. J. ETUK, I. S. ETUK and A. E. OYO-ITA

Abstract

Women who had pre-term birth in the University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar, over a 21/2 year period were studied. The aim was to establish the factors influencing the incidence of pre-term birth in Calabar. Factors which significantly increase the incidence of pre-term delivery included: previous induced abortion (P < 0.0001), nulliparity (P < 0.001), out of wedlock birth (P < 0.05) and lack of antenatal care (P < 0.01). Women with multiple pregnancy (P < 0.001) or previous pre-term delivery (P < 0.01), have a significantly high risk for pre-term birth. Antenatal complications (P < 0.0001) particularly anaemia (P < 0.001) or malaria (P < 0.05) in the index pregnancy constitute risk factors for pre-term delivery. However, educational status, social class and previous spontaneous abortion did not seem to significantly influence the incidence of pre-term birth in this study (P > 0.05). Wider use of family planning, less restrictive abortion laws and training of doctors and nurses on the use of manual vacuum aspiration in the management of post-abortion complications may help reduce the incidence of pre-term birth in Calabar. Replacing pyrimethamine chemoprophylaxis for malaria in pregnancy by intermittent treatment of malaria with sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine and deworming our women during antenatal care may also help reduce the incidence of pre-term birth in our community.

Keywords
Pre-disposing factors, increased incidence, pre-term birth, Nigeria

 
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